Author Archives: Diane Turner

About Diane Turner

Career as a CNA By Diane Turner Nursing aids are responsible for providing basic medical care and assisting those in long-term health care facilities with their daily activities. This might include helping patients bathe or use the bathroom, turn or reposition patients that are bedridden. They may also help transfer those […]


What is the Average HVAC Salary?

If there’s any business that is literally never going to fail, it’s the HVAC industry. Heating and air-conditioning isn’t exactly a luxury – depending on where you live, it could be an absolute necessity. Try telling a resident of Phoenix, Arizona that they don’t need their AC, or a survivor of a North Dakotan winter that they should give up their heater.

Every building built in the past 30 years has HVAC systems, and most buildings older than that have been retrofitted with them.

When it comes to a career in HVAC, you’ll be set-up for a long time.

What is the National HVAC Salary Average?

The fact is, there are dozens of HVAC positions across the entire spectrum of the industry, which is why it’s so hard to nail down an exact average.

So, instead, we’ll break down all of the most common HVAC job titles and give the normal ranges for each. Whether you’re looking for HVAC techs, engineers, installers, management, or sales, you can an accurate picture of common HVAC salaries and the requirements to earn them.

HVAC Technician

HVAC technician

The job title “HVAC technician” covers a plethora of careers, from entry-level all the way to seasoned professional.

We’ll start at the bottom and move up as we go.

HVAC Salary for an Assistant

Also called a “helper” or an “apprentice,” the HVAC assistant is pretty much the lowest rung of the HVAC career. It’s a good starting point, though, giving you a good picture of what the work is like, and giving you an entry into the field. It’s a good place to meet technicians and prove yourself to a company while you go to school or complete your certifications.


The job description covers a broad array of tasks. The helper’s job is to help with the delivery of HVAC materials for the installers, and the removal of old equipment. Often the helper cleans the ventilation and will also pick up after the install – refuse, debris, packing material, dust, all of the various detritus that ends up on the floor after a project.

They assist in small repairs and must be handy with tools and have a mind for how things go together.

The average salary of an HVAC Helper is around $28,800 a year, or $15 dollars an hour.

HVAC Salary for an Installer

An HVAC installer does exactly what it sounds like an HVAC installer does.

But, all jokes aside, an HVAC installer is responsible for all of the work of removing old equipment (if it exists), and putting in all of the new gear needed, based off the specifications of the client. Installers make up the backbone of the industry, perhaps combined with HVAC service technicians, and are always in demand.

HVAC installer

Most installers require either an associate degree in HVAC tech, or an HVAC tech certificate. Depending on where you live, you also may be required to get a special HVAC license. If you handle any refrigerant chemicals, then the EPA requires that an HVAC tech pass a written test.

The average salary of an HVAC installer is $47,000, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

HVAC Salary for a Service Tech

An HVAC service technician is the tech you’re going to see most often – they service, maintain, and repair existing HVAC systems.

Not only will you need knowledge of troubleshooting chillers, thermostats, heaters, and the like, but you’ll also be working with clients and customers far more than most HVAC installers and start-up techs. And considering how grumpy folks can get when their AC has been busted for hours (or days), the job requires a gentle hand and a level head.

HVAC installer

The average HVAC salary for a technician is around $50,000, though it could change dramatically based on your location and the company you end up working for.

HVAC Salary for a Start-Up Tech

The start-up technician comes in after the installers have finished their job, and it’s their duty to make sure that everything is done correctly and can start up without a problem.

The start-up technician requires a good eye for detail, a head for local laws and regulation, and the ability to troubleshoot extremely complicated systems with multiple points of failure.

HVAC engineer

It’s their duty to not only find out what problems might occur down the line (or notice what problems have already been created by installation complications), but also to anticipate where the system could be improved or even done better. They inspect the installation during and after the process, keeping in mind both the specific needs of HVAC like insulation and leaks, but also construction needs to safely support all of the installed equipment.

In order to become a start-up tech, you’ll have to follow the same requirements as an installer, plus you’ll need 2-4 years of experience as an HVAC installer. A comprehensive knowledge of local construction laws could be a massive help.

On average, a start-up technician makes around $74,000 a year.

HVAC Fabricator

HVAC fabricator is an extremely technical job that requires precision, the ability to read plans and follow instructions, and skill with multiple power tools and welders.

It’s the job of the HVAC fabricator to custom-make duct work for buildings, using the specifications created by the contractor, engineers, and the other HVAC technicians involved in the job.


They cut and weld sheet metal and put it together exactly as required for the space it’s going to go in.

Welding skills are an extremely valuable requirement, including both spot and MIG welding. Sheet metal is extremely thin, and welding on it can be tricky, so an experienced welder is required – usually with at least 3 or 4 years of welding experience.

The average salary for an HVAC fabricator is around $50,000.

HVAC Engineer

HVAC Engineer is by far one of the most technical positions in the HVAC industry, and their HVAC salary reflects that fact.

First, the job of an HVAC engineer is to analyze, provide estimates, design HVAC systems, and coordinate the installation of HVAC systems. This involves working with the client, the HVAC installers and start-up techs, and pretty much every rung along the ladder from top to bottom.

In order to become an HVAC engineer, it’s best to start with a bachelor’s degree in either mechanical engineering or HVAC engineering. Often an architectural engineering degree can also help, as long as you have the practical HVAC experience to back it up.

female engineer

You’ll need a bit of a laundry list of skills to pull down an HVAC engineering job – it’s not a profession for the faint of heart. Not only will you need advanced knowledge of refrigeration systems, ventilation, and heating systems, but you’ll also need to have a comfortable understanding of computer software. HVAC engineers use programs like AutoCAD to design systems and fit them into existing buildings. In fact, a CAD certification could do wonders for your job prospects.

The certifications required will change depending on where you live, but even if they’re not required, it might be smart to pick up some certifications that will prove you have all of the many skills that are written on your resume

The HVAC salary for an engineer averages around $83,500 per year, and has a 5% predicted job growth from 2018-2024.

HVAC Sales

This is a position often forgotten about when discussing HVAC careers. In fact, none of the techs or designers are going to be able to get any work down without a salesperson closing the deal first.

HVAC sales work with clients and potential clients, managing their needs, wants, and expectations with the realities of price and construction time.

It’s not just about being a convincing person with a silver tongue – though that helps. HVAC sales does require some knowledge of the field, to best understand what it is the client wants, and also how to translate engineer-speak into something the client can understand.


While the mathematical average wage of an HVAC salesperson is $48,000, the salary range has an extremely wide spread. It’s not uncommon to see an experienced salesperson at a successful company making near $80,000, while a phone salesperson at a smaller company might make only $25,000.

How Well Does the HVAC Industry Pay?

As it turns out, HVAC pays pretty well, and it’s an industry that has solid job growth predictions for years to come.

Many of the decent paying jobs don’t even require much schooling – an apprenticeship and the appropriate certifications can take you a long way. That, a good attitude, and a strong work ethic could keep you employed and making money the rest of your career.

Whether you’re a salesman, you’re good with your hands, or have a keen mind for learning quickly and understanding mechanical systems, there’s a path in the HVAC industry for you.

speech pathologist

What is the Salary for Speech Pathologist?

A speech pathologist deals primarily with speech and language disorders in both adult and children.

Speech is not only a form of communication – it’s a source of friendship, of self-confidence, of the agency to interact with your world. Speech impediments can be extremely harmful to those afflicted, both mentally and emotionally.

With somewhere around 8 percent of school-age children being affected by speech, voice, and swallowing disorders, the work for speech pathologists is exceedingly important.

How Do You Earn a Speech Pathologist’s salary?

There’s no denying that in order to become a speech pathologist, there is a great deal of education and licensure involved.

The science of speech pathology is constantly evolving, too, so you’ll have to keep up your study habits and continue to attend professional development classes in order to earn that speech pathologist salary.

The Job Description

It is the duty of a speech pathologist to help people of all ages with various disorders that relate to speech, voice, swallowing, language, and other communication-related disorders. This isn’t just people with lisps and trouble with their ‘Rs,’ either, though those certainly fall within their scope.

team huddle

There are language disorders that aren’t necessarily related to trouble with word formation, and instead speak to a greater problem with both receiving language and expressing it. These kinds of disorders aren’t even just spoken – the inability to communicate written language can sometimes fall into the speech pathologist’s purview.

Speech pathologists also deal with cognitive communication issues. These disorders relate to attention span, memory, ordering your thoughts, and even basic issues like solving problems.

Other disorders that the speech pathologist works with include swallowing and feeding issues, voice problems, semantics, and even non-pragmatic speech.

The speech pathologist employs articulation speech therapy, sensory feedback, oral motor techniques, and other tried-and-true methods to help ease speech disabilities and improve the lives of those in their care.

The Education

In order to become a speech pathologist and earn that sweet speech pathologist salary, you’ll need to complete a bachelor’s degree (hopefully in a related field). Recommended fields include speech and hearing science, or communications. Getting some education in another language – especially a common one in your area – could be a huge boon as well. Bilingual speech pathologists sometimes get paid more, but they definitely have more job opportunities than monolingual speech pathologists.

From there, you’ll need a master’s degree in speech pathology, which comes packaged with practical in-field study and practicums.


As far as certificates are concerned, the Certificate of Clinical Competence in Speech-Language Pathology is almost certainly a requirement.  This involves over 350 hours of observed experience in the clinic, and of course that pesky master’s degree we mentioned earlier.

This certificate and the test that goes with it is administered by ASHA, or the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

Unfortunately, even if you’ve obtained all of the necessary education and you have a well-paying job in the field, it’s not the end of the path just yet. Like many fields, speech pathology is an evolving field of study, and is constantly being tested, improved, and augmented to better help both the patients and the pathologists in their duty.

You can be expected to hit up workshops, attend seminars, and even complete more classes in order to stay ahead of the curve.

Luckily, some of these conferences will be in Las Vegas, so that’s nice.

The Skills

According to the Educational Psychology and Communication Disorders branch of Georgia State University , there are a number of notable skills and personal characteristics that a good speech pathologist ought to possess.

First and foremost, you must thrive on solving problems, of seeing an obstacle and enjoying the process of finding a way around it. Not all communication and speech disorders are made equal, and even if they were, it’s your job to communicate to people who are having trouble communicating. This is a sticky situation that requires enthusiasm, perseverance, and the joy-of-the-job necessary to try over and over again until you’ve achieved your goal.

training session

After that, obviously communication skills are key. When someone cannot communicate verbally (or cannot hear or understand what they’re hearing), then you must be skilled enough at non-verbal communication, body language, and written skills to get your message across. Of course, the opposite can be true, too – someone who is having a poor time of understanding body language needs to be told, verbally, both its importance and how to identify and decipher it.  

The next most important skill is organization prowess. No matter where you end up working, you will likely have multiple clients (sometimes more clients than you feel like you can handle). You must keep track of all client’s diagnoses, track the work being done and its efficacy, and also keep track of all testing materials and results.


You’ll also be under heavy scrutiny as regards to local laws and regulations, be they for school rules and laws, hospital regulations, or even the ethics guides of a corporation or government organization. You’ll live in a nest of red tape, so being able to untangle and navigate through skeins of bureaucracy and paperwork is vital.

Collaboration skills are also key – you’ll rarely be doing your work in a vacuum. If you’re working at a school, you’ll have to work with the student, their teacher, and their parents in order to implement the strategies necessary for rehabilitation. Teachers sometimes either forget or disagree with accommodations and fail to implement them, and parents can sometimes be very particular and hands-on about their child’s needs.

Being able to solve group problems in a tactful manner is vital to not only your client, but to your career.

If you work at a hospital or other mental health facility, you can apply all of those collaboration responsibilities with doctors, patients, patient caretakers, and nurses.

Places to Work

There are a few roles speech pathologists may find themselves in, which is why it’s important to break them down. This is also where we’ll get into a discussion about the speech pathologist’s salary – a general average may not be terribly helpful, but if broken down by exact roll it could be a more useful figure.

School Speech Pathologist

speech pathology scholl

Working in elementary and secondary schools offers a number of benefits to be considered. The first is the actual, literal benefits – school employees often have spectacular health care, a schedule with lots of time off, and a number of legal protections.

Working in a school also offers a high degree of job satisfaction. It is in the early years that many speech impediments and disorders happen, and it’s also in these formative years that self-esteem issues can become set in stone. No matter how long ago it happened or how repaired the issue is, being bullied or teased for the inability to communicate creates scars that can last a lifetime.

A speech pathologist can be a hero to kids most in need of help.

The average school speech pathologist salary runs around $71,000, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Hospital Speech Pathologist

speech pathology school

Hospital speech pathologist isn’t an official title, but we’re using it to cover those working in hospitals, mental health facilities, rehabilitation centers, and the like.

You will treat both children and adults in a variety of cases. Some may be congenital like swallowing disorders, others may be learned like speech impediments, while others may be the result of an accident, disease, or surgery.

You may also not be a permanent fixture at one clinic – many private speech pathologists travel between hospitals, rehab centers, and even private homes to accommodate their patients. Some even travel long distances, even internationally, so if you love the idea of traveling on the job you may want to consider a position like this.

The average clinical speech pathologist salary floats at around $86,000.

Supervisory Positions

supervisor in pink

If you intend to run or manage speech pathologists, whether in a clinical setting, private organization, or school, you’ll need the same knowledge of speech pathology as anyone working beneath you. Those communication, problem-solving, and pacifying skills will come in twice as handy in a position like this.

The average managerial speech pathologist salary is $99,000.

Make a Difference as a Speech Pathologist

As you can see, no matter where you end up working, the salary for a speech pathologist is hefty and well-earned. It’s not often an easy job, and it requires a lot of education and certification, but it’s the kind of career that changes people’s lives.

Whether their speech and communication disorders came at birth or through bad luck, a speech pathologist can change the lives of their clients every single day.

I saw a speech pathologist when I was a child, and it’s the only reason I’m able to verbally communicate as well as I can.

Students and adult will forget many lessons and many people in their lives, but the person who gave them the gift of speech will forever remain in their mind.

librarian salary

What is the Average Librarian Salary?

The idea that libraries are going the way of the dodo has, ironically, gone the way of the dodo. Libraries are becoming more and more popular – they’re free, easily accessible by all economic classes, and ecologically low-impact.

Plus, they’re just great resources for communities and kids, spreading education, fun, and a love of reading to everyone. They’re also more than just repositories for books these days, too. Many libraries have DVD and BluRay sections, digital content, ebooks, and internet terminals that can be used by anyone.

Did you know there are over 360,000 librarians employed in the United States alone? That’s split between academic institutions, private school, public school, and public libraries.

With a hefty selection of jobs available and a need that isn’t going away any time soon, becoming a librarian is a solid career choice. The job pays relatively well, also, and usually has set hours, a steady schedule, and a pleasant and calm work environment.

Plus, if you’re a bookworm, what better place is there to work?

So, What Does a Librarian Salary Look Like?

Librarian salaries are going to fluctuate depending on your level of education, location, the organization your working for, certifications, and of course overall seniority.

However, according to Glassdoor, the average librarian in the United States makes $63,506 a year. Keep in mind that that is an average – some librarians make far less, and some far more. The best way to break down the salary is to look at not only how you become a librarian, but also what kind of librarians are out there and what they make.

This should give you a greater picture of a librarian salary that’s a little more useful to you than a soft average that gives no context.

How Do I Become a Librarian?

The first step on your journey to a fashionable pair of nerd-chic glasses and the ability to shush a student from 100 yards is a deep and abiding love of either A) books, B) organization, and hopefully C) both of the above.

The second step is, naturally, education.

Now, most states do require or at least suggest a master’s degree, especially if you’re hoping to work full-time in a school or academic setting. There are jobs that will accept a bachelor’s degree, though, so take a look at places like Indeed and LinkedIn to double-check on the availability. Still, with the degree requirements increasing across the job market, a master’s degree is a great way to future-proof your resume and ensure that you won’t have a problem finding employment.


For your first degree, you’re going to want a bachelor’s in either information studies, library science, or a similar area of expertise. A computer degree may be sufficient, depending on its focus, but you’re never going to go wrong with a library science degree.

After the bachelor’s, it may be wise to proceed immediately to a teaching credential of some kind – many school librarians double as teachers in a pinch, plus they’re frequently teaching students and managing their behavior. Not only is it required in many places, it’s also just handy to have – if you ever need or want to switch to a teaching job from librarian, you’re already set up to do it.

girl reading a book

Next would be the master’s degree, preferably a Master of Library Science. An MLS teaches additional aspects of being a librarian not covered in your bachelor’s, including classroom technology, management, and even literature classes to help you be more than a living, breathing Dewey decimal system.  

All of the above are requirements (or close enough to requirements that it may harm you to not have them). However, there are things you can do to improve your chances of becoming a librarian that aren’t necessarily a 100% requisite to the job.  

The National Board Certification of Teachers (or NBC) allows teachers and other school staff to obtain a voluntary additional credential based on more in-depth teaching styles. The tests are comprehensive and the program rigorous, but having a voluntary credential from NBC can do wonders to not only beef up your resume, but to also impress upon recruiters that you take your job seriously and are committed to going the extra mile.

The Public Librarian Salary

The duties of a librarian at a public library can be different in many ways than the librarian of a school.

While you are still dealing with children, that is only a portion of your c​​​​lientele. Public librarians will see more people than school librarians and will have to be good at dealing with adults as well. With adults comes the (low) chance of more serious conflict, even if it’s having to remove someone from the library for breaking the rules, causing damage, sleeping, and the like.

librarian salary

There are some interesting perks though – you may be doing things like hosting local authors, musicians, and even showcasing local artists and other exciting talent.

The average public librarian changes from place to place: for instance, in Orange County, the average public librarian makes between $71,000 and $81,000. Then again, the cost of living is much higher. In Kentucky, a public librarian can be expected to make somewhere around $36,000.

As a public librarian, you probably won’t need a teaching credential.

The Public School Librarian Salary

public school

If you’re working in a public school library, you will most likely need a teaching credential. Luckily, it doesn’t take too long to get a teaching credential – a year for most people.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, public school librarians make on average between $58,000 for elementary, middle, and high school and $60,000 for colleges.

The benefit of working for a public school too is that your salary will increase pretty much every year like clockwork, and you’ll usually be set up with the same kind of excellent benefits that teachers get. You’ll be able to help shape young minds, to teach them a love of reading, to help them on their journey to learn more knowledge, and to improve themselves mentally and spiritually.

The Private School Librarian Salary

private school

Working in a private school comes with a different set of requirements and possibilities. While you won’t be as protected as a public school employee, the requirements for employment will also be more flexible, and often the pay will be higher.

For instance, the average private school librarian salary is around $63,000, according to

Private schools are often more willing to look at experience and skills over not necessarily having every exact certificate. Many private schools do not require teaching credentials and will instead settle for a master’s. Obviously, a teaching credential will always help you, but if you don’t have one, you may want to consider checking out private school librarian jobs.

Plus, all of the benefits of improving students’ lives and showing them the power of books and information technology still stand.

The University Librarian Salary

University Librarian

The university librarian is a much bigger job than either private or public-school librarians – not only are you fulfilling all of the normal functions of a librarian, you’re also often providing on-the-job training for student librarians, and you’re often also leading a staff of pages and assistant librarians.

Part management job, part book keeper, the university librarian also often just has more books, more computers, more real estate to take care of, and just generally more work.

The average university librarian salary comes in around $63,000, a bit higher than a public school librarian and around the same as the average private school librarian.

However, the upper limit salary of a university librarian is usually higher and can approach the $100k mark. The position is also generally considered more prestigious and can help you down the line.

Speaking of down the line . . .

How to Increase Your Librarian Salary

doing research on iPad

Being a librarian is a fine career on its own, but if you’re looking to make more, or you’re curious about the potential career path of a librarian, there are options for promotion and growth.

An associate director of a university library can make between $80-$146k, depending on experience, and a director of a university library can pull down somewhere around $100 to $160k.

Now, if becoming a director is your long-term goal, those are some pretty great salaries. That’s nearly the same salary as a member of Congress!

The Future of Libraries and Librarians

As with any job, the future is never 100% guaranteed. And while the internet took a bite out of libraries when it first arrived, libraries around the world have adapted and are soldiering on. Libraries have embraced technology, embraced the internet, and have discovered that keeping and sorting data is always going to be important, and it’s always going to need a human face that connects the seekers of knowledge with the tools they require.

A librarian is an old profession, a keeper and giver of knowledge, and luckily for all of us, it’s a job pays decently.


The Average Plumber Salary Information

Finding a new career doesn’t always involve deep research into abnormal psychology, quantum physics or string theory. Sometimes, a new path in life is starting you right in the face and you’ll find it where you least expected it.

One field that will never run out of necessary human employees is the field of plumbing.

So long as sewage systems and drainage operates, a plumber will always find employment.

And with it, a steady line of work that might not be as glamorous as some other occupations but will keep you working.

We’ll be taking a look at a plumber salary and how you can find your way into a career.


Working as a Plumber

If you’ve been raised on Super Mario Bros, we will take this time to inform you that plumbers don’t typically encounter rogue turtles and kidnapped royal family members during a typical day on the job.

Plumbers will start by drawing up a cost estimate for clients, which might change depending on the nature of the job situation and how long the actual project takes vs. how much time was given during the estimate.

Plumbers must know how to interpret blueprints and follow zoning codes established by local and state governments.

As the job moves forward, they will choose the correct materials and equipment necessary to complete the job at hand. Fixtures and pipes are placed in new buildings, and existing infrastructures are repaired if there is no need for an outright replacement.  

As part of a regular maintenance operation, plumbers inspect and tests piping systems that are already installed. If a malfunction occurs, troubleshooting takes place to determine the root cause, and if possible, parts are repaired. When repairs are impossible, it’s up to a plumber to find replacement parts and patch up the necessary areas.

Plumbers are needed in every area of modern life.

On top of private homes and residences, any building occupied by the public will require a piping system for drainage and sewage. Plumbers can take contracts with office buildings, libraries, hospitals, university dormitories, and correctional facilities.

How to Become a Plumber

Becoming a plumber requires a high school diploma for starters. Once finished with high school (or after earning a GED or equivalent), plumbers will begin an on-the-job apprenticeship.


Typically, this will last for four to five years, depending on the number of hours needed to complete the program. Classroom topics taught during the apprenticeship can include blueprint reading, safety codes, and regulations for local plumbing ordinances. Unions and businesses are in charge of apprenticeships.

Once a plumber gains several years of experience, they might be eligible to earn the title of master plumber. Usually seen on construction sites, master plumbers can develop their own sets of blueprints that are utilized to build new plumbing infrastructures.

By using a master plumber, building owners not only ensure that building codes are followed. They also maintain a stable budget, and don’t interfere with other building systems, such as electrical wiring or fiber optic cables.

The Average Plumber Salary

The all-important question: how much does a plumber actually make? Even though it doesn’t require as much education as other careers, you can earn a solid living if you are skilled at your trade and don’t mind getting your hands dirty.

The average annual wage for a plumber in May 2017 was $57,070.

If this sounds like good money to you, why not take a deeper look at plumber salaries throughout the country?

Highest Plumber Salaries by Industry

Name an industry and you can be sure they have need for talented plumbers. Let’s have a look at the highest-paying industries for plumbers:

Highest-paying Industries for plumbers

Communications Equipment


Electric Power Generation


Professional/Technical Services


Metal Ore Mining 


Aerospace Manufacturing


You’ll find the highest salaries in communications equipment – thanks to the large amount of funding available in larger telecoms companies, who will pay top dollar for plumbing services needed in their corporate offices, manufacturing plants, and distribution warehouses.

The same standard applies to those in the electric power and various professional services sectors.

In the case of metal ore and aerospace, plumbing and pipefitting are crucial to the continued function of a distribution center where commercial airplanes and space shuttles are manufactured.

Not only is plumbing a vital component of major airlines, but each warehouse here airplanes are manufactured must be maintained like any other office environment.  

Highest Plumber Salaries by State

holding dollars

If you want to know where a plumber salary can be the highest you’ll find, check out the list we’ve provided here:

State Annual Average Salary

State Annual Average Salary



New York








If you have ever needed an excuse to move to Hawaii, here it is: the richest plumbers in the country work in the Aloha State.

The constant level of tourists and vacationers, along with the residents of the island, requires all resort buildings to be strictly maintained. The last thing a luxury resort in Maui wants is a malfunctioning sewer system that would force a string of cancellations, and even worse, shutting down a hotel for an entire day.

Taking second place is New York, which shouldn’t come as much of a shock. Think about how many people pass through Times Square, Grand Central Station, and the Port Authority bus station daily.

All of these people will end up in other buildings, and the massive population of New York City, along with the rest of the state, ensures that the cost of living and rent for office buildings will trickle down to a plumbing salary.

Highest Employment of Plumbers by State

Finding work as a plumber will be the easiest if you search in one of the states included on the list seen here:

State Employment of Plumbers

State Employment of Plumbers



Average salary of $58,220



Average salary of $48,620

New York




Average salary of $43,320



Looking at this list, you might notice a sharp drop-off between Texas and New York, the second and third entries respectively.

Consider the geography of each state – although New York’s population density is enormous, the total amount of land doesn’t even come close to California or Texas.

As a result, fewer buildings can be found through the entirety of New York state. Compare this to Texas, which is home to three major cities: Austin, Houston, and Dallas.

The same concept applies to California. Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco are just some of the cities making up the Golden State.

No matter the population of a given area, there will always be demand for plumbers across California, whether it’s for multimillion-dollar homes in Hollywood, or corporate headquarters in the skyscrapers of Los Angeles.

Florida’s constant tourism and retirement population will keep plumbers working in residential communities and the vast number of amusement parks and resorts scattered throughout the greater Orlando area.

Like California, Florida’s large size lends itself to expansion for more buildings and communities that will require the use of a plumber.

Highest Employment of Plumbers by Industry

Choosing the correct industry will help you secure employment as a plumber when you begin your job search. You’ll have the most luck by checking out the list seen here:

Industry Employment of Plumbers

State Employment of Plumbers

Building Equipment Contractors


Nonresidential Building Construction


Utility System Construction


Local Government


Employment Services


You might say this list is a little stacked in favor of one industry, and you’d be right.

Finding work as a plumber is going to be the easiest when you search for brand new construction operations, or an existing project in a state of remodeling or repair.

There might be other industries that pay top dollar for plumbers.

But if you can secure a contract on multiple buildings that pay just a little bit less than one big job, you’ll be in a better position to negotiate contracts and secure employment with other projects in the future!

Alternate Options for Plumbers

plumbers at work

As you move through your career as a plumber, you might consider expanding your trade and taking on some other responsibilities.

Plumbers bear a lot of the same responsibilities as pipefitters, who also work to maintain infrastructures of pipes in buildings, but these pipes transport other materials.

Pipefitters work with pipes that transport gases, acids, or chemicals, some of which may be hazardous or dangerous to human senses.

Typically, pipefitters will see employment in industrial and commercial settings, as the gases and chemicals transported inside these piping systems are not found in private homes. They can find work in power plants or larger office buildings where massive corporate populations exist.

Pipefitters can work with water systems, installing copper or plastic infrastructures and preventing any leaks for the future.

Along with plumbers, pipefitters utilize digital readouts of blueprints that model physical systems and allow multiple industries to coordinate on building design.

For example, a plumber might cross-reference the layout of sewage pipes with a cable company to ensure that no conflicts arise when Internet access is planned for a new dormitory.

Pipefitters command the same salary as plumbers, so you can expect the same difference in industries and geographical area for a plumber salary as you would a pipefitter.


pathologist at work

The Pathologist Salary

When you hear the word “pathologist,” your mind might race in a couple different directions.

You might think of a forensic pathologist, a medical examiner who determines the cause and manner of death. There is also a surgical pathologist, who analyzes and provides diagnoses for excised tissue samples and biopsies of potentially diseased sections of the body.

While the word pathologist can be applied to several different industries, a pathologist salary is usually guaranteed to be on the higher end of things.

We’ll be exploring the kind of money you can expect to make as a pathologist, and how many different branches of medicine you can explore in the process!

What’s a Pathologist?

At time, this isn’t an easy question to answer.

The term “pathologist” has its roots in Greek, referring to the overall study of events that take place within the human body.

Today, we use the term to refer to the study of diseases.

To figure out a pathologist salary, we must first narrow down what kind of pathologist you are interested in becoming.

Below, we’ll dive into several different specialty areas of pathology to determine what kind of salary you might expect in the future.


dermatologist at work

Dermapathology studies the skin as an organ. After taking a biopsy from a melanoma, dermapathologists will use tests to determine the presence of cancer and recommend further treatment if necessary.

The title of dermapathologist can be confused with a dermatologist, which is a clinical practitioner who can examine skin conditions and send samples to dermapathologists for further evaluation.

Dermapathology requires a close attention to detail, as there are well over a thousand known skin conditions in humans.

Forensic Pathology

forensic pathologist in the lab

Made popular by crime scene investigation shows on television, forensic pathology focuses on post-mortem examinations to determine the cause of death, natural or otherwise, in humans.

During an autopsy, forensic pathologists will perform the actual medical examination while the coroner confirms the nature of the death. Microscopic samples are used by forensic pathologists, as well as physical trauma evidence and toxicology interpretation.


Neuropathology oberving tissues

Neuropathology focuses on the study of nervous system tissue, and the diseases that affect the nervous system as a whole. Neuropathologists will consult for other physicians, answering questions about the methods of treatment for a disease and any surgical intervention that might be needed. Biopsies are taken after medical imaging reveals a need for further action.

Pulmonary Pathology

Pulmonary Pathologist observing the lungs

Those in pulmonary pathology study the diseases affecting the lungs. Due to the internal structure of the lungs, medical imaging is used to determine the necessary methods for treatment of a potential lung infection. This could call for a biopsy or surgery, which can include video camera assistance.

Surgical Pathology

surgical pathologists oberving tissues

General surgical pathologists analyze and diagnose tissue and specimen samples taken from potentially infectious patients. Interpreting the results of a biopsy is a crucial and critical part of a surgical pathologist’s career and will determine the course of action in a patient who requires surgical intervention or chemotherapy.

Determining a Pathologist Salary

Now that you’ve determined your specialty area, what kind of pathologist salary might you expect when you enter the field? That’s what we’re going to find out now.

Average Annual Pathologist Salary

Those who work as surgeons or physicians can expect an average annual salary of $251,890 as of May 2017. This number can greatly vary, depending on your specialty area and the specific type of hospital or clinic where you practice.

Below, we’ll dig deeper into the variables associated with a pathologist salary and how you can better determine what you can make as a pathologist.

Top Employing States for Pathologists

Let’s check out the highest-employing job environments for pathologists, and how the salary differs with each location:

State Employment Number Average Annual Salary
















New York 



The number of pathologist offices and specialty hospitals in California directly correlates to the high employment number for pathologists seen above. With such a wide area of treatment potential, a number of hospitals utilize pathologists, whether they are public, private, or affiliated with a university.

Highest Concentration of Pathologist Jobs by State

While California takes the top prize for employing pathologists, we can also look at the highest areas of job density in the United States:

State Employment per 1,000 jobs Average Annual Salary







South Dakota 



New Hampshire









Although the general population in the states above is lower than any of the highest-employing states in the previous list, the patient-to-pathologist ratio guarantees a better opportunity for those pursuing a career in pathology.

If you’re open to relocating, think outside of the more populous areas and consider the option of moving out of your comfort zone for living!

Highest Metropolitan Area Pathologist Employment

Along with actual state data, we can analyze the available jobs in specific major metropolitan areas for pathologists. The top ten entries are listed for your convenience here:

Metropolitan Area Employment Number Average Salary




New York/New Jersey 









Chicago/Naperville/Arlington Heights






Los Angeles/Long Beach



San Antonio/New Braunfels



Minneapolis/St. Paul/Bloomington 



San Diego/Carlsbad






Although each of these areas are in states that don’t necessarily employ the most pathologists in the country, the concentration of populations in these major metropolitan areas contributes to the availability of careers in pathology, despite the surrounding states’ lower job amount.

Pathologist Career Preparation

Anyone who plans to become a pathologist has a long road ahead of them for education.

The Undergraduate Path

To begin, a bachelor’s degree in any kind of pre-medical program is a requirement. While you may be able to enter medical school with just a bachelor’s, a master’s degree may be preferable when eventually applying to medical schools.  

You don’t have to choose a specific undergraduate degree, but English, chemistry, physics, or math are great options to explore while preparing for advanced studies. Volunteer work at a local hospital or clinic while studying will also look great on an application.

Simply applying to medical school is a huge step. All schools are highly competitive, and you’ll want to take every step possible to ensure you have a great chance for admission.

Applying to Medical School

pathologist student working inside the lab

Before becoming a pathologist, you’ll need to pass the Medical College Admission Test, and secure several letters of recommendation from your previous professors or instructors. You’ll need the right personality, qualities of leadership, and activities outside of school to be considered a candidate for medical school.

Check into different universities that might offer a combination of undergraduate and medical degrees – you can fast-track your studies with these programs, which usually last anywhere from six to eight years.

During the first two years of medical school, you’ll spend most of your time in a laboratory or classroom. Your class topics at this point in your academic career will cover biochemistry, pharmacology, medical laws, and the ethics of practicing medicine. While in classes, you will also cover methods of patient examination, illness diagnosis, and how to properly examine a patient who presents with a possible infection.

For the latter part of medical school, you will go through a clinical experience under the supervision of a practicing pathologist. You will cover areas other than pathology to expose you to the world of medicine, and you’ll see different wings of a hospital that could include pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, and oncology.

Residency Training

After you graduate from medical school, you will enter a residency, sometimes referred to as an internship during the first few years. Depending on your area of pathology, this could take as long as seven years before you are eligible to practice on your own.

In order to perform as a pathologist, you will need to obtain a license in your state. Requirements are mandated by each individual state’s board of medicine. Along with state requirements, pathologists have to pass a national medical exam, which is also different depending on your area of pathology. While certification is not necessary, it might benefit you when searching for employment.

Potential pathologists need to be masters of patience. Everyone in the medical field works long hours, and pathologists are no exception, especially when a critical diagnosis may be necessary to determine the next course of action in a patient’s treatment schedule.

Pathologists need to be comfortable making decisions, as their diagnosis will not only affect a patient, but the future schedule of other physicians attached to the same patient.

All pathologists should be adept at solving problems and determining the best course of action when presented with recognizable symptoms that warrant a diagnosis. If you plan to run your own practice, you’ll need good management skills to maintain a staff of other doctors and administrators.

Your Future as a Pathologist

The pathologist salary is likely what attracted you to the idea of practicing medicine, and now that you understand the requirements for pathologists and their specialties, maybe you’re thinking about wearing a lab coat in your future.


air traffic controller

Air Traffic Control Salary


Are you someone who enjoys the airport, and the hectic environment that comes with the operation of runways, landings, and takeoffs?

You might be interested in a career as an air traffic controller, one of the most important cogs in the machine of air travel.

If you aren’t worried about the need for very specific attention to detail and split-second decisions in case of an emergency, you may have found the perfect new career.

As you read, we’ll be taking a look at the average air traffic controller salary, and what you can expect to make in different parts of the country.

Life as an Air Traffic Controller

The number one duty of an air traffic controller is the assurance of safety for those in the air. Controllers minimize any interference during the intersection of flight paths for commercial airliners, and their direction will reduce any delays for arrivals and departures.

Air traffic control crew uses special computer equipment to monitor the movement of all planes in the air.

Those in air traffic control will monitor nearby weather and ensure that any landings are made safely in case of an emergency, sometimes involving aircraft not originally scheduled for landing at a given airport.

Types of Traffic Controllers

Several different kinds of air traffic controllers work in an airport’s safety department. Tower controllers are in charge of vehicle movement on runways. This includes airplanes as well as all ground transport and baggage handlers. Tower controllers remain in their position from the control area and can manage anywhere from 3 to 30-mile distances from their location.

Approach/Departure Controllers

departue controller

Controllers in approach and departure make sure that any aircraft entering an airport keeps within a minimum separation required for the safety of everyone involved. Approach and departure controllers send clearance to enter an airspace and use radar equipment to monitor flights as well as weather conditions and critical alerts that affect air travel. Approach controllers will aid pilots and the rest of the crew from takeoff until it reaches the threshold of facility airspace.

En Route Controllers

En Route Controllers

There are also en route controllers, who monitor the path of aircraft once it has successfully departed the airspace of a facility. Unlike other air traffic controllers, en route controllers can usually be found at air route centers, which you won’t find at actual airports. Airspaces are assigned to air route centers respective to their geographical layout and the amount of air traffic seen in their area.

If necessary, en route controllers will adjust the flight path of a plane while guiding it to a safe landing. Once en route controllers are finished, they hand off duties to approach and departure controllers.

The Air Traffic Control Systems Command Center employs a number of air traffic controllers, which looks at airline travel on a national level. When they identify a potential problem with travel operations, they relay information to local traffic controllers. The goal of the command center is to keep a larger eye on the sky and lighten the workload of smaller air traffic control departments, who need to focus on their immediate surroundings.

Air Traffic Controller Salaries

So, just how much does an air traffic controller salary look like these days?

As of May 2017, the average annual wage for an air traffic controller was $120,260. This number can vary quite a bit based on location and industry, which is what we’ll be looking at in some of the charts below.

Air Traffic Controller Highest Salary by State

Let’s start by looking at some of the highest paying states for air traffic controllers. The top five states are seen in the list below:

State Average Air Traffic Controller Salary

New Hampshire










​​​​If you’re curious why New Hampshire, a geographically small state, is at the top of the list, the answer comes from the military.

New Hampshire is home to several military bases in Newington. Air traffic controllers are an essential element of exercises conducted at each location, and government contracts for air traffic controllers can be quite lucrative. The same can be said for Virginia, as the Air Traffic Control System Command Center is found in Warrenton.

Georgia pays air traffic controllers well due to the high amount of traffic seen in Atlanta, home to the busiest international airport in the country.

Furthermore, Atlanta is the main hub for Delta Airlines, and with such a high concentration of air travel in one spot, it makes sense that some of the most well-paid air traffic controllers work at the Grand Central Station of air travel.

Air Traffic Controller Highest Salary by Industry

Next, we’ll investigate air traffic controller salary according to which industry pays the best. The answer might seem obvious, but there’s some details you might not be aware of:

Industry Average Air Traffic Controller Salary

Scheduled Air Transport 


Federal Executive Branch


Architectural and Engineering


Support Activities


Management of Companies


Looking past the top entry, we note that the federal government pays the most to air traffic controller salaries.

Considering the high amount of military operations conducted with aircraft, this shouldn’t come as too much of a surprise, especially if you factor in the amount of non-military aircraft monitoring for government officials and representatives.

Air Traffic Controller Employment by State

How likely are you to find a job as an air traffic controller? Get an idea with the chart below, where we list the top five states in the country according to career numbers:

State Number of Air Traffic Controller Positions


Career Numbers




Average salary of $129,680



Average salary of $120,590



New York 


Average salary of $129,460



We can attribute these numbers to the high number of major cities with multiple airports spread across each state.

In California alone, major international airports operate out of San Diego, Sacramento, and Los Angeles, while Florida has Miami, Orlando, and Tampa. The same can be said for Illinois (Chicago O’Hare and Chicago Midway) and New York (JFK and LaGuardia).

Becoming an Air Traffic Controller

If the numbers seen in an average air traffic controller salary have convinced you to pursue this as a career, you may be interested to know that there are a few different paths to becoming one.

Because air traffic controllers are directly employed by the federal government, there are some automatic requirements before we even discuss education or work experience:

*Having U.S. citizenship

*Successfully passing a medical exam, drug test, and background investigation

*Get through the FAA preemployment exam

*Achieve a passing score on the Air Traffic Controller Specialists Skills Assessment Battery

*Begin training at FAA Academy before age 31, and complete the course

Along with the screening process, all potential air traffic controllers will need at least an associate degree from an AT-CTi program. These accredited schools are designed with air traffic controller careers in mind.

Earning an Associate Degree

While they don’t have a set curriculum, the courses all focus on aviation and safety for a future in aircraft monitoring. Class topics will include weather conditions, federal safety regulations, how to read charts that affect air traffic, and issuing clearances during arrival and departure.

The FAA Academy is located in Oklahoma City. Length of time spent in the training facility will vary according to an applicant’s background. If your previous education is not as extensive, you might need to catch up in certain subject areas. After graduating from the academy, trainees are designated as developmental air traffic controllers, where they can work under supervision until finishing all the necessary requirements.

Anyone entering the FAA Academy has to pass a biographical assessment, a kind of personality test to see if you have the sort of personality and psychological makeup necessary to hold a career as an air traffic controller.

Getting Additional Training and Credentials

Air traffic controller salary will increase with additional training and credentials earned at the academy. If you have previous experience in the industry upon entering the academy, you won’t have to spend as much time going through training as other candidates.

All air traffic controllers are required to obtain certification as an Air Traffic Control Tower Operator, or maintain the appropriate qualification or supervision. At least three years of work experience is necessary to pursue a career in air traffic control, but there are no specific requirements for industries where previous employment took place. There will be periodic drug screenings and job performance evaluations as well.

Air traffic controller

Skills You Need to Have

For a future in air traffic control, you should possess high skills in math, organization, and decision making. In a high-pressure environment involving the direction and maintenance of airline safety, you need to be able to focus and maintain control over a situation that may involve inclement weather or an equipment issue on an aircraft.

Clear communication is an asset for all air traffic controllers. The ability to speak and hear perfect English is essential for a direct conversation between pilots and the control tower. At any given time, you could have several voices in your ear while wearing a headset, and you’ll need to be able to determine who is speaking and which is the most important.

Making Your Decision

If an air traffic controller salary attracts you to the profession, and you think you can handle the busy environment that comes with airline communication and direction, go for it.

An exciting new career and opportunity may be awaiting you.

ups package handler

UPS Package Handler Salary: A Rewarding Compensation Package Delivered

UPS Package Handler Salary

Online shopping is more prevalent than ever. With services like Amazon, eBay, and stores’ own shopping websites, the need to go in-store to make a purchase is decreasing as the amount of purchases made virtually rises. Once you click that purchase button, you can expect to typically see your package arrive on your front doorstep in less than a week, like magic. It’s not magic, though—these packages set out from their initial places of origin and travel to their destinations through the hard work package handlers and truck drivers.

There are numerous big shipping industries, such as the US Postal Service and FedEx, but the quickest and top of the line service is that of UPS. UPS package handlers are imperative to the success of UPS as a whole, ensuring that our packages get where they need to be in a timely manner. Being a package handler can be a physically strenuous job that should not be undervalued, as they are required to lift heavy packages and load trucks for hours at a time, working at the fast pace that our culture demands.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average package handler salary industry wide is $25,870 per year. While this is not a particularly high salary, those package handlers who work for UPS receive a good collection of benefits. This is also an ideal job for college studentsbecause of UPS’ education program.

This is a male-dominated field, men comprising approximately 68% of UPS package handlers.

The Work of UPS Package Handlers

“It’s just moving boxes, right? How hard can that be?”

UPS package handlers must not only transport boxes and other shipped materials, they must move them quickly. While most packages won’t exceed the weight of 25-30 lbs., it is typically required that package handlers be able to lift up to 70 lbs. if necessary.

And the employees aren’t just throwing boxes around, either. They are responsible for strategically arranging boxes and other packaged materials so that the trucks can carry as much as possible. They also need to ensure that the packages are going to the right place, so they have to actively be mentally present so that a package isn’t sent to North Dakota when it should be headed for Oregon.

During each stage of the shipping process they scan the packages to make sure they’re headed in the right direction, and to provide that package tracking data everyone loves. They also make sure that the packages are in good condition at each stage of the journey, and that they are placed in a position where they will continue to be so.

Because of the highly physical nature of the role, UPS wants to make sure that their package handlers stay productive without the sacrifice of staying healthy. There are stringent lifting and transporting rules to follow to ensure all-around safety. The employees are expected to follow these guidelines at all times.

UPS Benefits

Though the UPS working conditions can be physically strenuous, they make up for it with their benefits packages. They offer several different benefits programs depending on their employees’ specific needs. These include medical, dental, and vision insurance coverage, in addition to overall life insurance. They also offer various work-life programs and compensation and savings programs so that they can ensure the happiness of their employees. Furthermore, employees who remain with UPS for a number of years will receive retirement benefits.

coffee button

UPS employees don’t have to be full-time to be eligible for benefits—part time employees receive a benefits package as well. Their insurance can not only cover children, but also the parents of the employees as well if they’re in need.

UPS invests in the future of its employees. They offer on-the-job training as well as professional development opportunities, so that their employees can advance up the UPS ladder and establish a meaningful career for themselves. The program they are most proud of is their Earn and Learn Program. This program assists part time employees pay for school, providing up to $5,250 a year in assistance for up to a total of $25,000. UPS wants its employees to advance within the company and make the most of their employment—helping pay for their employees’ education is a way they try and do that.

Job Satisfaction


Overall, UPS package handlers are satisfied with their work. Though it can be strenuous, it is also physically rewarding, and they are provided with good break times and shifts that are a reasonable length. What mainly contributes to employee satisfaction, though, is the great benefits they offer the employees and room for advancement.

How to Get Started Working for UPS

There is no formal education required to begin working as a UPS package handler, though a high school degree is preferable. The UPS hiring team will look for candidates that are physically fit and have good stamina so that they are able to sustain the strain of the work. Prospective package handlers should also have good communication skills and be able to work under self-direction.

If you do have a degree, you can likely apply for a management position right off the bat. The same applies for if you are completing and of their education or training programs.

Job Market

lady presenting job market

The job market for package handlers, in general, is looking pretty good. As we talked about at the beginning of this article, online shopping is becoming increasingly more common and so the need for package handlers and other shipping workers is steadily climbing. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that between 2016 and 2026 the job outlook for package handlers will increase by 7%, directly on par with the nation’s average.

UPS Package Handler Salary Range

While the average UPS package handler salary is $25,870, most salaries fall within the range of $20,478 – $32,011.

Salary Factors

salary factors

The main factor that affects the salary levels of UPS workers is education level. While employees coming in with a high school degree and little to no experience will likely receive pay on the lower end of the above salary range, those that come in with an associate’s or bachelor’s degree are eligible for management positions that lead naturally to a salary increase. UPS package handler salaries also consistently increase as the employees continue to work with UPS for an extended period of time.

Many UPS workers also make the leap to truck driving. This requires formal training and certification, but the pay is considerably greater.

Highest Package Handler Employment Levels by State

There are a variety of factors that affect the employment levels of package handlers in different areas. One of them is where factories and warehouses are located in the first place—certain states tend to have greater concentrations of warehouses, and so there is a large shipping and transportation need to be filled. Other factors include where the items are being shipped too. This can be affected by both the state’s overall population and that population’s tendency to ship and order things.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide data for UPS package handlers specifically, but listed below are the total number of package handlers and related specialties in the top five highest-employing states. Through looking at this general data, it is reasonable to assume that comparative numbers relate to UPS specifically as it is the nation’s largest shipping company. The same general data is provided for the two lists after this one.

  • 1
    California: 343,460
  • 2
    Texas: 190,210
  • 3
    Illinois: 152,370
  • 4
    Illinois: 152,370
  • 5
    Florida: 132,680

Highest Package Handler Salaries by State

The following states offer the highest UPS package handler salaries and material mover salaries as a whole. Because of the conflation of multiple position in the data gathered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, we will only list the top five states and not their accompanying salaries.

  • 1
    District of Columbia
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Highest Package Handler Salaries by Metropolitan Area

As above, the information provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics combines the average UPS package handler salaries with other positions. So, in our list of the top five paying metropolitan areas, we will not be listing their accompanying salaries.

  • 1
    Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA NECTA Division
  • 2
    Urban Honolulu, HI
  • 3
    Sheboygan, WI
  • 4
    Stockton-Lodi, CA
  • 5
    San Rafael, CA Metropolitan Division

Final Thoughts on UPS Package Handlers

Working as a UPS package handler isn’t the highest paying job out there, but it’s a great starting place if you have a high school diploma and are looking to take advantage of their Earn and Learn Program. The physically demanding nature of the job means that it is certainly not a perfect fit for everyone, but if you’re physically fit and have good stamina levels then this might be a good fit for you.

Regardless of what the UPS package handler salary may be, UPS certainly does offer an awesome range of benefits. Working as a package handler is a great way to get your foot in the door with UPS and quickly advance.

bank teller job

A Glamorous Career: How Much Money Does a Bank Teller Make?

Think about the last time you drove through a teller’s window or got out of the car and walked inside the bank to make a transaction. Have you ever thought about starting a career in the banking industry? Many people who go on to become managers and bankers begin their career as a teller, handling cash and documentation for the daily flow of customers. We’ll be talking about the average bank teller salary here, and how much you can expect to make as a bank teller in various parts of the United States.

Bank Teller Career and Education Preparation

Bank tellers are responsible for the number one thing associated with banks: money.

Tellers will count the cash given to customers throughout the day and keep track of the flow of money in and out of their personal drawers, not unlike a cashier in other places of business. In the case of a bank, however, the amount of money kept in a drawer is significantly larger than that of a cash register in a gas station, department store, or supermarket.

Aside from cash, bank tellers will prepare other types of documentation for their customers, which could include savings bonds, money orders, and traveler’s checks. If a customer plans to travel, foreign currency can be ordered through a bank, and tellers must ensure that the correct conversation rate applies to each order.

Tellers must ensure that all bank policies and procedures are strictly followed throughout the business day. If a customer presents a check, identification should be verified, as well as the status of the account with the bank.

As tellers gain experience, they may be eligible for a promotion, and take on some management tasks, such as error correction or solving customer complaints in the event of a dispute.

A college degree is almost never required for a career as a bank teller. You might take a few college courses upon graduating high school, but in general, the most preparation is done on the job.

Training for bank tellers takes several weeks. Usually, other tellers with more experience will train new employees on the job, giving them a chance to understand how to perform their duties while receiving instructions and a helping hand in case of questions. Banks may have their own computer systems for performing transactions, which will also fall under the training tellers receive when starting the job.

Bank Teller Salary Information

salary on post it

Let’s get to the meat of why you’re here: you want to know the average bank teller salary. As of May 2017, the average annual salary for bank tellers was $28,110, which converts to an hourly wage of $13.89. The lowest ten percent of bank teller salaries was reported as being $21,360, while the highest ten percent came in at $38,330.

Increases in salary likely come from years of experience and promotions to head teller positions within a given branch of a bank.

Salary by Industry

Although tellers operate exclusively in banks, that doesn’t mean there aren’t a number of different industries that operate banks. Check out the top five highest paying banking industry branches listed below:

bank teller

Bank teller salary for stage governments: $44,230

Bank teller salary for local governments: $36,500

Bank teller salary for insurance carriers: $34,300

Bank teller salary for colleges, universities, and professional schools: $32,550

Bank teller salary for business support services: $32,410

As you can see, any bank that operates under the authority of a government typically pays more than a private sector. The amount may vary depending on a state or municipality’s given budget for a year, and the same budget may also affect the number of available jobs. Colleges and universities may be affiliated with credit unions, which can offer special rates to students and employees of a school or its organization.

Salary by State

How does a bank teller salary differ when moving across different parts of the country? Find out by looking at the top five highest paying states for bank tellers here:

salary by state

Average bank teller salary in Connecticut: $34,150

Average bank teller salary in District of Columbia: $33,400

Average bank teller salary in Washington: $32,060

Average bank teller salary in Massachusetts: $32,850

Average bank teller salary in Maryland: $31,690

With the exception of Washington state, the highest paid bank tellers all work primarily in the Northeastern United States. If you’re planning a career as a bank teller, you might want to consider setting up shop on the eastern side of the country!

Bank Teller Employment Statistics

Now that you have a fair idea of what to expect from a bank teller salary, you’ll be interested in knowing where the best possibility of securing a job is. Whether you are looking for somewhere close to home or considering a move to somewhere else in the country, there are still possibilities to begin your new career in banking!

Employment Numbers by State

Where do you see yourself working as a teller? If it’s in any of the states below, you’re in luck, because they are the top five employers of bank tellers in the United States:

employment blue arrow

Number of bank tellers employed in Texas: 53,370 (average salary of $27,500)

Number of bank tellers employed in California: 43,660 (average salary of $30,840)

Number of bank tellers employed in Florida: 30,270 (average salary of $30,530)

Number of bank tellers employed in New York: 25,300 (average salary of $30,200)

Number of bank tellers employed in Pennsylvania: 21,780 (average salary of $28,050)

The overall prediction for bank teller jobs in the United States is predicted as an eight percent drop through 2026. Because of the increasingly digital nature of banking, as well as the prominent use of online apps that allow for scanning and mobile deposits, the need for tellers decreases as advancement in technology increases.

With that said, large amounts of cash and currency will always require human interaction, and the role of a bank teller will remain relevant in some capacity even as most people gravitate toward the use of apps and electronic payment devices.

How to Succeed as a Bank Teller

succesful bank teller

With the information you need about a bank teller salary, as well as the number of potential job openings, you might be left wondering what makes an excellent bank teller. What should you study, and what skills might be necessary to keep yourself relevant and ahead of the pace in the world of banking?

For starters, you’ll need basic math skills. While calculators are readily available, your hand-eye coordination is an asset, and excellent eyesight to distinguish each type of bill. Counting cash is a part of your daily routine, and you may see different types of currency you don’t normally encounter during your other errands.

Customer service is an absolute must among your skill set. Most people are in a hurry when stopping at a bank, whether they enter in person or use one of the drive-up windows. Showing understanding and patience for any concerns they tell you will help customers through their experience and keep you in a positive light in the minds of customers and your fellow employees.

You should also familiarize yourself with your branch’s policies and procedures in the event of suspicious activity. If a customer presents a counterfeit bill or a fraudulent check, each financial institution has its own rules on how to proceed. Typically, a manager is required to take action, and reports may have to be written and filed after the event occurs. Your ability to recall specific actions and how the situation was resolved is just as crucial as being able to count the money in a drawer at the end of the night.

While it isn’t required, you can find certification programs for bank tellers at certain online schools. Such programs allow you to hone your skills and become an expert on all aspects of a career as a bank teller. As part of a certificate program, you will learn about building relationships with customers, international banking services, and how banks operate as a place of business. Upon completion of the certificate program, you become more desirable as an employee and might be in a position to command a higher salary or advance to a head teller position.

Career Paths for Bank Tellers

working office girls

If you look at a bank teller salary and decide that you have another amount in mind, you might consider other career options related to the financial field. Clerks in bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing also don’t require any formal degree from a college or university, but there are some postsecondary classes you’ll need to take before considering such a career.

If you decide to advance your career even further, you could become a loan officer after earning a bachelor’s degree in a financial or business-related field. You might even consider attending an online school for one of these fields while staying employed as a bank teller and furthering your education.

Many possibilities await those who start as a bank teller, and with the right combination of education and experience, you can make an excellent living on a bank teller salary!

managing finances

Compensation Review: What Salary To Expect As Financial Advisor

If you’re thinking about beginning work in the finance industry, your salary as a financial advisor will be determined by a number of different factors.

Those who come right out of a university and start a career can expect to command a bit less than their peers who have worked in the industry for several years. Often, you will find that a financial advisor salary is determined by the industry of employment, as well as the area of the country where you’re employed.

Working as a Financial Advisor

Typically, financial advisors sit down with their clients to directly talk about the personal financial goals of a client or their company. Advisors must explain the types of services they provide and ensure clients that their money is well cared for.

Clients should feel safe and comfortable knowing that their personal wealth is secure with an advisor and won’t feel at risk when recommendations are made for investments, or if decisions are made by advisors on their clients’ behalf. These plans might be mapped out over a short period or longer terms, depending on the commitment level of the client.

While a lot of financial advisors have diverse knowledge, you may end up focusing on one particular area or industry, such as retirement or fraud prevention.

Financial advisors are certified or licensed to purchase insurance, stocks, bonds, and annuities. If their clients give them explicit permission, advisors can take the initiative and make decisions with stocks currently held by the client, buying or selling as they see fit.

financial advisory

Financial advisors spend a significant amount of time promoting and selling their services, expanding their client base, and increasing their income in the process. They can hold presentations and seminars to recruit potential clients while simultaneously explaining the benefits of hiring a financial advisor.

Becoming a financial advisor requires you to attend a college or university and earn a bachelor’s degree. There isn’t necessarily a specific field to choose for a major, but you will certainly benefit from studying economics, accounting, finance, or math.

With that said, dedicated programs in financial planning are widely available and will prepare you for a career as a financial advisor with courses specifically tailored for dealing directly with clients and their finances.

To earn success as a financial advisor, you’ll need to have excellent people skills – you won’t want to scare off any potential clients with an awkward encounter during your first meeting! Expertise in math is a must, as numbers are going to be in your workplace every single day, and you’ll need to understand how to manipulate data and formulas when making transactions. You’ll also need to be able to analyze the personal financial data of your clients, and when you are licensed to make decisions, figure out how to maximize an investment with your history in finance.

Financial advisors in securities and commodity contracts: $133,910

Financial advisors in grantmaking and giving services: $127,470

Financial advisors in nondepository credit intermediation: $113,140

Financial advisors in management of companies and enterprises: $111,910

Financial Advisor Salary Information

So, now that you know how to become a financial advisor and what skills are required for the job, just how much can you expect to make when you start a career? The answer will probably please you – financial advisors command quite a salary.

As of May 2018, the average annual wage for a personal financial advisor in the United States was $124,140. Naturally, this salary will fluctuate depending on the specific industry where you find yourself employed. Take a look at some of the variations in industry salaries for financial advisors below:

Financial advisors in securities and commodity contracts: $133,910

Financial advisors in grantmaking and giving services: $127,470

Financial advisors in nondepository credit intermediation: $113,140

Financial advisors in management of companies and enterprises: $111,910

financial data on tablet

As you can see above, the highest paying financial advisor salary falls under the umbrella of security contracts. The job of connecting financial buyers and sellers together can involve extremely high-dollar transactions, which explains the commanding average salary for financial advisors in the industry.

In the case of companies and enterprises, financial advisors will be in demand because of the high number of transactions and employees involved in a larger enterprise or corporation. The more potential accounts to deal with, the bigger the need for a financial advisor, and with it, the potential to command a bigger salary, so it’s a win-win!

Your salary as a financial advisor will also differ depending on where you find employment in the United States. Let’s take a look at the highest-paying financial advisor positions by state:

Financial advisors in New York: $166,200

Financial advisors in California: $141,100

Financial advisors in Connecticut: $137,120

Financial advisors in the District of Columbia: $135,770

Financial advisors in Maine: $134,380

Looking at these numbers, it shouldn’t come as a big shock that New York is, by far, the highest on the list of states that pay financial advisors well. The amount of money circulating through Wall Street is immeasurable at any given moment, and financial advisors are needed at all times to keep track of the constant activity happening on the stock market throughout the business week.

California is next on the list, which makes perfect sense, given the number of celebrities wanting to protect their financial assets while maintaining multimillion-dollar homes in the state.   

Financial Advisor Employment Numbers

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Okay, so New York and California have the highest financial advisor salary on each end of the country, but how likely are you to be able to secure a job in these areas? Let’s find out by listing the states with the highest employment number of financial advisors:

Financial advisors in New York: 28,000

Financial advisors in California: 24,790

Financial advisors in Florida: 12,600 (average salary of $126,700)

Financial advisors in Texas: 11,530 (average salary of $111,640)

Financial advisors in Illinois: 10,650 (average salary of $121,750)

Unsurprisingly, the employment numbers directly correlate to the high salary for a financial advisor in New York and California. While Florida doesn’t rank in the top five highest annual salaries for financial advisors, the large retiree population in the Sunshine State attracts a high number of financial advisor positions. Those who decide to spend their later years in Florida after the end of a long career will need the expert advice of someone who understands how to keep funds secure for retirement savings and pension plans.

A state the size of Texas, home to several major metropolitan areas (Dallas, Houston, and Austin), will always see the need for financial advisors. Chicago is a thriving city for many demographics, and those fresh to the city as well as Chicago natives can find the need for financial advisors during different parts of their lives.

When we adjust the numbers to look at employment density within a given state, you can see the potential for a great career in a few other locations:

Financial advisor positions per thousand jobs in New York: 3.04

Financial advisor positions per thousand jobs in Connecticut: 2.89 (average salary of $137,210)

Financial advisor positions per thousand jobs in Massachusetts: 2.08 (average salary of $109,370)

Financial advisor positions per thousand jobs in Illinois: 1.80

Financial advisor positions per thousand jobs in Missouri: 1.79 (Average salary of $89,710)

We’ve discussed the large areas of New York City and Chicago, but what about the other three states on this list? Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Missouri all contain extremely busy financial sectors in comparatively smaller locations; Connecticut has Bridgeport, whose population density is comparable to that of the Los Angeles metro area.

In the case of Massachusetts, Boston’s financial district rests in the heart of the historic city, and financial advisors would feel right at home in the busy, vibrant part of the commonwealth of Massachusetts. Meanwhile, Missouri is home to St. Louis, one of the bigger cities in the center of the United States, and whose population is confined to a larger metropolitan area surrounded by sparser suburban sections.

Financial Advisor Characteristics

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Now that you know what kind of financial advisor salary to expect, you might also ask yourself: what type of person becomes a financial advisor?

Earlier, we discussed the need for you to be excellent with numbers, and skilled with interpersonal relationships. Ideally, you’ll study finance or math in a university, but a deep understanding of psychology is just as beneficial as knowing to how program algorithms into a computer. For a successful career as a financial advisor, you want to be just as in touch with your clients’ needs as you are with market trends and economic forecasts.

Financial Advisor Job Forecast

As attractive as those financial advisor salary numbers are, they don’t mean a whole lot without a steady potential for job growth. Fortunately, you’re in luck, because a 15% increase is expected for the number of financial advisor positions in the United States, a number much higher than the national average for all occupations.

In the coming years, a huge number of baby boomers will be retiring, and with retirement comes the need to settle down and secure a financial future for the family. On top of this, the country is seeing personal retirement accounts rise to prominence as an added benefit of a full-time career. These aren’t as transparent as pension plans, and the use of a financial advisor to accurately utilize and plan a retirement account will become more essential as time continues.

Even though technology has replaced the human element in many industries, nothing will ever replace another person who has a knack for psychology and can relate that knowledge to the emerging trends seen in the marketplace.


What Will Be My Real Estate Agent Salary?

Are you a fan of house flipping, remodeling, and interior design shows on TV? Have you ever thought about what it might be like to sell these finished products to eager new homeowners?

If you’re in the market for a new job (no puns here!), beginning a life as a real estate agent not only affords you the opportunity to study new sales techniques, but a real estate agent salary is as high as you are able to command through your skills as a sales representative.

Becoming a Real Estate Agent

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Before we get into the detail on the typical real estate agent salary, you’ll need to make sure you’ve obtained a high school diploma or an equivalent such as a GED. While a lot of real estate agencies tend to prefer candidates with degrees from a college or university, it’s entirely up to you – you’ll want to look into programs in business administration or a dedicated real estate degree.

From here, your requirements are going to vary according to which state you live in. You’ll have to obtain some kind of license or certification, which may require you to take some additional courses and pass an exam. Make sure you also look into what’s needed for license/certification renewal – the last thing you need is an expired credential when you’re so close to closing a big sale!

Determining Your Real Estate Agent Salary

All right – now that you know what it takes to become a real estate agent, let’s get to the important part: how much are you going to make as a real estate agent?

The answer is a common one when you are asked a vital question: “It depends.”

The national average salary for a real estate agent, as of May 2017, is $59,630. Here’s the thing, though – that number is going to vary greatly for you because of the nature of the position. Selling real estate is largely commission-based, and your salary is going to fluctuate based on many different conditions. As we’ve seen in the last ten years, the real estate market can go from one extreme to another overnight, and you could find yourself living very comfortably with the right decisions and knowledge of the marketplace.

Salary by State

How much can your salary vary? Let’s take a look at the highest-paying real estate agent salaries, according to their location across the United States:

Average salary for real estate agents in New York: $102,310

Average salary for real estate agents in Texas: $72,480

Average salary for real estate agents in Hawaii: $72,470

Average salary for real estate agents in Alaska: $71,030

Average salary for real estate agents in Rhode Island: $70,450

agent salary

It probably doesn’t come as much of a surprise to you that New York tops this list. If you’ve been to Manhattan lately, or have looked at an Instagram photo of the New York City skyline, you’ll have some idea of how much the price of real estate commands in the Big Apple. If you secure a position as a real estate agent in New York, your potential for earnings could be unlimited with the right client list and a market that is begging for you to sell and them to buy.

Meanwhile, the giant state of Texas not only has tons of opportunity for residential home sales, but you should also consider the amount of business property in the three major cities of Houston, Dallas, and Austin. There’s no shortage of opportunity to deal in real estate in the Lone Star State!

If you’re looking at potential vacation property sales, Hawaii and Alaska are going to be as much of a dream destination for you as it will be for those looking to call these exotic locations their new home. Keep in mind that this is Alaska and Hawaii we’re talking about, so it’s going to be a pretty drastic relocation if you decide to make a career out of real estate sales in either state.

Meanwhile, Rhode Island’s oceanfront properties will command top dollar, and your commissions will always see higher returns when potential buyers are looking for the best view of the water.

Real Estate Agent Employment

Aside from a real estate agent salary, you’re likely wondering where you’ll find the most opportunity for a position as a real estate agent. Have a look at the states with the highest employment rates:

Real estate agent employment in Florida: 17,750 (average salary of $57,520)

Real estate agent employment in Texas: 15,770

Real estate agent employment in Georgia: 11,170 (average salary of $46,220)

Real estate agent employment in California: 10,380 (average salary of $68,860)

Real estate agent employment in Washington: 7,800 (average salary of $59,590)

Your client list in Florida as a real estate agent can be expansive when you include those who are born and raised in-state, as well as potential buyers who find their way to the Sunshine State through new employment or retirement.

Plus, Florida is a deceptively large state – it’s easy to forget how much land exists from Pensacola to Miami. You might find yourself selling a fixer-upper in the swamps, or a coveted beach house along the Eastern coast. If you decide that one part of Florida isn’t for you, there’s always the option to set up shop in another part of the state.


Similarly, Georgia offers a wealth of options for cities and real estate sales options. The major metropolitan area of Atlanta has a lot of potential for commercial and residential property all throughout the surrounding area, while historic areas like Savannah attract tourists and longtime residents alike.

Out in California, the possibilities are endless – one day, you could find yourself marketing to famous actors, then selling the next day to people on the mountainous areas associated with the Gold Rush in earlier times.

Meanwhile, Washington’s mild climate and thriving economy continues to attract new homeowners, and the value of property has also increased with the appeal.

Now that we’ve covered the best places to land a job as a real estate agent, let’s also check out some of the more densely-populated areas where you might not have expected to look for a career in real estate:

Real estate agent employment per thousand jobs in Georgia: 2.60

Real estate agent employment per thousand jobs in Washington: 2.45

Real estate agent employment per thousand jobs in Oklahoma: 2.33 (average salary of $49,380)

Real estate agent employment per thousand jobs in South Carolina: 2.24 (average salary of $52,070)

Real estate agent employment per thousand jobs in Florida: 2.11

We’ve covered three of the states in the previous paragraph, but Oklahoma gets on this list primarily due to the density surrounding Oklahoma City. Combine this with the nearby town of Norman, home to the University of Oklahoma, and you have the perfect formula for a hot pocket of real estate for both university students and all the businesses that can cater directly to the needs of a bustling college town.

Elsewhere, South Carolina’s entire east coast touches the Atlantic Ocean, and is home to many resort locations such as Hilton Head Island, Myrtle Beach, and Charleston, making it a prime location for those looking for a summer home, or a new place to settle down after retirement.

Both states don’t come without their share of natural risks, however – Oklahoma is right in the heart of Tornado Alley, and South Carolina has seen its share of coastal storms over the years. As you pitch your marketplace listings, be sure to remind those who are not familiar with the area of the inherent risks that comes with investing in a new home in plains states like Oklahoma or shoreline areas such as South Carolina.

What Makes a Good Real Estate Agent?

Now that you’re well-versed on real estate agent salary information, you may still want some general tips on how to make it in the marketplace. As we discussed earlier, your real estate agent salary and your ability to successfully close deals will go together, and without the ability to convert leads into sales, you won’t be maximizing your profits.

You need a natural ability to sell, which might come from experience in other markets like retail or vehicles, and a winning personality that engages people when you meet with them. If you’re going to be interacting with potential homeowners, you want to develop a bond that exists throughout the duration of the sales pitch, whether that takes weeks or months.

As you earn more leads and take on more responsibility as a real estate agent, you will need careful attention to detail when keeping records of transactions, property deeds, and all the other critical information that comes with the sale of a home or office. Instinct and insight on who is willing to buy and who could potentially buy again in the future are an asset, as you can spend less time seeking a lead and more time converting a lead into a sale.

Finally, a drive for success is necessary in all sales positions, and real estate is no exception. The houses aren’t going to sell themselves, and your salary will reflect that once you find the right location to begin a career as a real estate agent.